A History of the Middle Ages, 300-1500 by John M. Riddle, Winston Black PDF

By John M. Riddle, Winston Black

ISBN-10: 1442246847

ISBN-13: 9781442246843

This transparent and entire textual content covers the center a while from the classical period to the overdue medieval interval. exclusive historian John Riddle offers a cogent research of the rulers, wars, and events—both common and human—that outlined the medieval period. Taking a vast geographical viewpoint, Riddle comprises northern and jap Europe, Byzantine civilization, and the Islamic states. each one, he convincingly indicates, provided values and institutions—religious devotion, toleration and intolerance, legislation, methods of pondering, and altering roles of women—that presaged modernity. as well as conventional subject matters of pen, sword, and note, the writer explores different using forces corresponding to technological know-how, faith, and expertise in ways in which past textbooks haven't. He additionally examines such often-overlooked matters as medieval gender roles and drugs and seminal occasions similar to the crusades from the vantage aspect of either Muslims and japanese and western Christians.

In addition to a radical chronological narrative, the textual content deals humanizing beneficial properties to interact scholars. each one bankruptcy opens with a theme-setting vignette in regards to the lives of standard and awesome humans. The publication additionally introduces scholars to key controversies and issues in historiography via that includes in each one bankruptcy a in demand medieval historian and the way his or her rules have formed modern wondering the center a long time. Richly illustrated with colour plates, this energetic, attractive publication will immerse readers within the medieval international, an period that formed the basis for the fashionable world.

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Extra resources for A History of the Middle Ages, 300-1500

Sample text

Divine Monarchy and Divided Rule: Diocletian was familiar with the old adage that familiarity breeds contempt. The army, seeing and knowing its commander on a daily basis, had scant respect for him. So Diocletian mandated that emperors were to be declared divine as soon as they assumed office; removed from everyday contact with the army and the people; and surrounded by trumpets, guards, and impressive regalia in ornate buildings. No longer “first man,” now he was dominus et deus (lord and god), and the emperor’s court was sacra aula (a sacred chamber).

Even though the actual size of the army may not have appreciably increased, a decrease in the civilian population resulted in a greater financial burden on the public, who supported the military through taxes. Taxes: To pay for these changes, Diocletian sought a more uniform system and new taxes. Tax collection was assigned to former local office holders, called curiales or decuriones, who, if they failed to collect their stipulated quotas, were responsible for paying the difference out of their own pockets.

Morally superior, a better soldier, and a slightly better emperor, Alexander fought against the Persians, who were threatening the eastern part of the Empire. In the west, the Alemanni, a Germanic tribe, pushed across the frontier into Gaul with such force that to this day the French word for Germany is Allemagne. Accompanied by his mother, Alexander went to Mainz and chose to negotiate rather than fight. A disgusted army mutinied and killed the emperor. That year, 235, began the horrible period of the Barracks Emperors.

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A History of the Middle Ages, 300-1500 by John M. Riddle, Winston Black

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